The school system of Sweden oversees compulsory and voluntary schools. In the past, the government directly controlled the schools, which later reformed, which led the State to take place. Therefore, a system of decentralization was in a place that gave the local authorities more voice in the running of schools. The government acts as an advisory role to meet the academic standards for all schools to strive for excellence.
The government set several significant reforms were :
State schools in Sweden are free, and the State looks after the expenses related to :
There are many options for children who are below five years old. They can attend:
National Agency for Education oversees childcare that includes preschool children and nursery schools. There are after-school childcare sites to look after toddlers while their parents are at work or indulged at something.
The compulsory education system includes:
Municipalities are obliged to arrange primary classes for children who are six years of age, and since it is compulsory schooling, participation in the class is mandatory. It is mandatory to attend nine years of education for children who are aged seven to sixteen. Children and young people receive education in the national school system.
Primary school also called Grundskola to have two stages:
Children can attend public schools or private schools in their locality. Public schools are free, and private schools run in a voucher system. Private schools run after approval from the State and follow the educational guidelines that are set up by the Swedish Government. This approach leads to enrollment in independent and private schools for free.
The base curriculum for primary and lower secondary education in Sweden has several compulsory courses and, some optional ones for senior groups. The second mandatory language is English and starts during the first five years of primary school. A third language can be German, French, or Italian.
Secondary Education - Gymnasieskola
Students who are nearly 16 years old and have completed their primary and lower secondary education attend upper secondary level. The study lasts until the student reaches the age of 20 or complete the level studies.
Swedish secondary education is for three years and is open to all pupils who have completed the nine compulsory years of schooling.
There are 17 different national programs with a combination of compulsory and optional elements. Moreover, these programs have 13 vocational options and four academic choices with some special programs for the disabled.
The eight common core subjects within the 17 national programs include:
The Swedish examination system does not rely on a final examination, but it works on continuous assessment throughout upper secondary education.
The four grades given throughout schooling are:
Examinations can be
Sweden has nearly about 41 higher education institutions, first cycle universities, and Universities. The most prestigious universities are:
The most popular degrees are humanities, but there is a boost in science studies as well. The undergraduate courses are taught in English and Swedish. Masters program has attracted many international students, with more than 400 masters courses taught in English.
Universities academic year runs for 40 weeks, which makes up two semesters.
Sweden's Higher education has adapted to the European standard, which has three cycles:
The first level - grundniva: It runs for two years, after which the student obtains a University Diploma which is known as Högskoleexamen. The University Diploma is usually vocational, while the three-year program is general studies.
After the general studies of three years, one can obtain the kandidatexamen. After which the continuation to the advanced level (advanced nivå) follows, which also corresponds to the European masters.
The master's program is for a year - Magisterexamen or two years - Masterexamen
The final level - Forskarniva lasts for two or four years and results in either of Licentiatexamen or Doktorsexamen. This level is equivalent to Ph.D.
How to apply to universities?
Healthcare and Disabled Students in Higher Education
Top Universities and Courses in Sweden
We hope that the information provided will be useful and helpful to equip with the necessary skills and knowledge to move up in your career. All the Best.
Bhumika has more than 4 years of experience as a software engineer. Having done MCA from Dayananda sagar Institutions, Bangalore and BCA from Sikkim Manipal University, Sikkim, she found her calling as the head researcher at PlanAll. In her free time, her 5 year old daughter, Mishka, keeps her busy and happy.
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