The Thai education system
Ministries of Education, Interior, and local municipalities oversee and supervise the Public educational schools. Private schools are under the supervision of the Private Education Commission. Selective public universities are under the control of the Ministry of University Affairs.
Let us look at the Educational genres in Thailand:
Education is free and compulsory for all Thai citizens who are in the age group of six and fifteen in Thailand. Most of the kids between three and five years old attend nursery and preschool.
Did you know?
In ancient times, Buddhist monks were among the top teachers and would provide education in Thailand, but only boys would get a chance. However, the Thai government provides education in Thailand in recent times, so both the genders get equal opportunities.
The two types of education in Thailand:
Formal - Formal education is the education one receives in a classroom, and the examples of formal education include:
Informal education - Education received outside the classroom. For example:
Early year education - Preschool Education
Early year education starts from the age of two or three and goes on till the age of five in Thailand. The sub-divisions of Preschool education are as follows:
Preschool playgroup-students starts at the age of three, and they learn:
Kindergarten-Kids aged three to five go to kindergarten and the teaching focusses on:
1. Primary school Education
After preschool, children start their basic education in primary schools that has six years of education. Children remain in the primary section until they are eleven years old. The six years in Primary level has different sub-levels; they are:
2. Secondary school Education
Children get their place in secondary school after completion of primary school without moving to a new school. Secondary school education mainly focuses on in-depth subjects like:
Secondary school education is also for six years and, have different levels like:
Thai vocational education system indoctrinates in high school where students may prefer to adopt this more effective form of education. Some students aspire to get two levels of qualification, which is also a certificate program in vocational education. It is also a higher diploma that prepares to achieve a university degree and a technical diploma.
Higher education is optional, and it usually refers to a college or university level of education.
The following are the forms of higher education:
Bachelor’s Education - Bachelor’s degree courses span for three to five years, depending upon the discipline opted by students. Government or private institutions generally provide this level of education.
Master’s Education - Master’s degree program is a higher level of education which is chosen by students after the completion of a bachelor’s education. Pupils specialize in the subject of a graduation, which generally lasts for two years.
Students choose certificate courses - Certificate courses or professional courses instead of pursuing bachelors or Master’s education. Universities do not award with a degree, but it offers diploma or certificates on successful completion of the certificate programs.
Ph.D. Education - Aspiring students who have completed a Master’s education choose to study higher up and aim for doctoral degrees which are also known as Ph.D. This course is the highest level of education, and it is very reputable. Upon completion of Ph.D. education, one receives the title of a ‘Doctor or Dr.’
Tests and Entrances
Students after the obligatory M3 level will have to pass the O-NET test, which is the Ordinary National Educational Test with one or two elective courses. The elective courses have:
To graduate after M6 level, students have to pass the A-NET test, which is the Advanced National Educational Test. This diploma is similar to British A levels (International Baccalaureate or the US- high school diploma).
For attending a university after graduating from M6 level, students have to pass the CUAS test that is the Central University Admission System. It relies on the scores of the O-NET and the A-NET. Students also have to appear for the admission test at Universities.
For your reference: Secondary school levels are M1 – M6 which is called Mattayorn in Thai.
The Grading System in Thailand
Students can apply directly to the university of their choice without any restrictions on international students enrolling in a Thai university. Make sure to read the following documentation:
The academic year in Thailand
The academic year lasts from June to March of the following year in Thailand. There are two semesters with a break of two or three weeks in September. Moreover, the long summer break is during the traditional Thai new-year celebrations, which is Songkran.
We hope that the information provided will be helpful to equip you with the necessary skills and knowledge to move up in your career. All the Best.
Bhumika has more than 4 years of experience as a software engineer. Having done MCA from Dayananda sagar Institutions, Bangalore and BCA from Sikkim Manipal University, Sikkim, she found her calling as the head researcher at PlanAll. In her free time, her 5 year old daughter, Mishka, keeps her busy and happy.
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