Job Scenario and Residency Process in Denmark

Category: Study Destinations
Posted on August 12, 2019

Denmark is the smallest Scandinavian country in northern Europe. It consists of the Jutland peninsula and several islands in the Baltic Sea and referred to as Danish Archipelago. Germany surrounds it in the south, Sweden in the east, Norway in the north and the United Kingdom in the west.

If you are thinking to go abroad for higher education or job opportunities, then, in that case, one can consider Denmark. Situated at the gateway of northern and western Europe, Denmark though, a relatively small country but is a heavyweight study destination. Five universities in Denmark makes to the top 400 of the QS world university ranking.  

Denmark offers several possibilities for job opportunities after graduation. There are different rules for the person who wants to work in Denmark, as per their nationality.  The Nordic citizens (Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) are free to enter, reside, study and work in Denmark. They don't require any visa, residence, or work permits. EU/EEA/Swiss citizens do not need to apply for a work permit. But if they want to stay for more than three months, then they must apply for a registration certificate under EU rules. Non-EU/EEA citizens require a residence permit to work in Denmark.

How to get a job in Denmark

So to get a job in any country, there are three essential things which one should keep in mind. These are (a) economy of the country, (b) job market in the country (c) language of the country.

The unemployment rate in Denmark is relatively low compared to other EU countries. The knowledge of the local official language, i.e., Danish, will be an added advantage for the candidate to secure and improve their chances to get job opportunities.

 Besides this, if you have studied outside Denmark, then your qualifications will be assessed by the government authority, 'Cirius.' It shows the Danish equivalent of your level of education and makes it easier for potential employers to see how qualified one is.

So now let's talk about the job scenarios in Denmark. There are few sectors in Denmark where one can look while searching for job opportunities. These are as follows:

·       Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

As per the European Commission, Denmark is the most digital economy and society in the EU. It ranks first in Europe for its digital performance. Thus makes it an attractive location for elite companies like Microsoft and IBM. Denmark is known globally for leading in its software expertise and also as the best test market for robots and drones. Thus one with proper skill and qualifications can look for jobs in this sector.

·       Pharmaceuticals 

The Danish pharmaceuticals are known worldwide for providing quality drug and medical products. It a vital segment of the Danish economy, employing several employees directly or indirectly. It also homes of major pharmaceutical companies such as Novo Nordisk, Oviform, Lund beck, and Ferring Pharmaceuticals. Thus one can look in this sector while looking for suitable employment opportunities.

·       Life Science

The Danish life science industry is one of the most prestigious and accomplished in the world. Several aspects, such as a close collaboration between the private and public sectors, high tech production, and an attractive business environment, have contributed a lot to its success. Denmark offers many job opportunities to locals and foreigners.

·       Education 

In Denmark, they take education seriously and wit over 99% of kids going to schools, this can be the right area for the one looking for job opportunities in Denmark. Besides teaching in grade schools, one can also find jobs in many universities.

·       Medical 

Universal access to healthcare is the motto of the government of Denmark. It promotes population health and prevents and treats illness and suffering. It is the reason why the medical professionals, in Denmark being very high in demand. Thus makes it one of the areas that can provide excellent employment opportunities in this sector. But to get employment in this sector, one should be highly proficient in the Danish language, as one has to deal with the local people.

·       Energy

Denmark has a significant source of oil and natural gas in the North Sea and is ranked 32 in the export of crude oil. Thus one with the right skills can look for job opportunities in this sector.

·       Engineering

Denmark is the second strongest engineering country in the world, with high employment, excellent digital connectivity, high average engineering wages, and high-quality infrastructure. In Denmark, significant construction and tech companies are finding it challenging to find highly skilled workers. Thus there is a shortage of qualified engineers. So an experienced worker of this profession, looking for a job opportunity can see it as a lucrative sector.

·       Tourism 

Denmark is a popular destination among tourists. Its rich history, natural beauty, sandy beaches, and countless tourist attraction attract millions of tourists every year. It is the major contributor to the economy of Denmark. It is the largest sector that employs a large number of people in the country.

·       Service Sector

With the boom in the tourism industry, this sector also witnessed a rise. Thus, generating a lot of employment opportunities in this sector.

Besides these sectors, Denmark is home to a lot of multinational companies, such as CSC, Dell, Microsoft, and Nokia, etc. These multinational companies operating in Denmark use English as their primary business language. Thus one can look for job opportunities in these multinational companies too.

How to find jobs in Denmark?

The most common ways to look for jobs in Denmark is through newspapers, magazines, through the internet, job fairs and career events, recruitment agencies, and proper networking. Besides this, one can directly apply to the companies.

If you have proper skills and qualifications, along with adequate knowledge of the Danish language, then no one can stop you from grabbing the excellent job opportunities.

The employee in Denmark generally enjoys high-quality working conditions, decent pays, and general holiday allowances. The working hours in Denmark are 37 hours per week (Monday – Friday). However, with most of the employees, it is flexible and can be adjusted as per the employee's need. One is entitled to five weeks annual holiday and twelve public holidays.

Now once you get a job in Denmark, the next thought that crosses one's mind is how to proceed further. So let's discuss this.

To study, live, and work in any country, one needs a visa and the residence permit. These are given to the person based on their nationality.

Please note for visa-related queries, please visit:

Permanent Residence

Once you have decided to live and work and settle permanently in Denmark, in that case, one has to apply for permanent residence of the country. The requirement for permanent residence is categorized as primary and additional. Let's talk about them in detail.

Primary requirements (must all be met) are as follows:

·       Still meet the demand for a residence permit that one holds.

·       Must be above the age of 18 years

·       Must have resided in Denmark legally for eight years, and if one meets all the additional requirements, then one should live in Denmark for four years.

·       One should not commit certain types of crime

·       One should not have any overdue public debts unless one has been granted an extension of the repayment of the mortgage.

·       One must not have received public benefits within four years under the terms of Active Social Policy.

·       One has to accept the Declaration of Integration and active citizenship in Danish society

·       One must pass Danish language test 2.

·       Must have held regular full-time employment or self-employed for at least three years and six months within the last four years.

·       One must be working at the time when Danish Immigration Services decides the case.

Additional requirements for the permanent residence are as follows:

·       Must have passed an active citizen exam test or have exhibited active citizenship in Denmark.

·       Must have regular full-time employment or self-employed for the last four years.

·       Must have had yearly taxable income that during the previous two years has been DKK 275.400 or above on average.

·       Must pass the Danish language test 3 or Danish language test of equivalent or higher level.

At least two out of four have to be met to get permanent residence. If one meets all the four additional requirements, in that case, one can apply for permanent residency after four years of residence.

As per Forbes, a Us business magazine, Denmark has the world's highest level of income equality and the best business climate in the world. Denmark, named as the happiest place in the world, based on the standard of health, welfare, and education. Besides these, it is declared as the safest place to live.

Well, I hope this was informative enough. I hope it will help and guide to carefully opt for the options were your skills and talent can flourish.

Wishing you lots of luck.

Saumya Gusain
Saumya Gusain

A history student with postgraduate in archaeology and heritage management, gave me a good experience in field of research and writing. Avid reader, loves to explore new places. Baking cakes and breads are my hobby. Mother of four year old who takes most of my time..

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