Norway is a beautiful Scandinavian country that is located in Northern Europe. Sweden, Finland, and Russia border it on the east, and a far-reaching coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Norway is famous for its natural beauty like Fjords, mountains, Northern lights, midnight sun, and its Scandinavian architecture.
If you are among those ambitious students, who want to go abroad and brighten their career opportunities and are still thinking about which country to choose? Then one should consider Norway. Though the country is small yet the Norwegian universities and colleges are known for high academic standards, innovative teaching methods and close and informal relationship between lecturers and students. Thus, studying in Norway can improve your career possibilities, both at home and abroad.
Many international students in Norway do part-time jobs along with their studies to overcome the living expenses in the country. It is considered as an excellent opportunity to learn and gain an insight into the country's work culture and also helps in improving in the local language. However, there are some restrictions, depending on an individual's nationality that one has to abide by these. The students from EU/EEA countries do not require any work permit to work in Norway. However, Non-EU/EEA students, on the other hand, need a work permit and can work up to 20 hours per week.
Job Scenarios in Norway
While searching for job opportunities in any country, one should always consider three things. These are the economy of the nation, Job market, and lastly the local language of the country.
Norway has a developed economy and is among the most prosperous countries in the world. The services sector dominates a large part of the economy of Norway. Due to its thriving economy and low unemployment rate, the competition from within the country is fierce. Further foreign workers may find it challenging to get a job in the country as employers often prefer to give employment to the local than an international worker. In this case, knowledge of Norwegian language will play a vital role and will help an individual in securing the right opportunity.
Please note: Most Norwegian's knows and understand English well, yet it is essential to have proper knowledge of Norwegian. As most employers prefer employees with experience of Norwegians, and in many cases, specific expertise in the Norwegian language is necessary. Therefore, one should learn Norwegian as soon as possible.
Let's now have a look at the areas where one can search for job opportunities.
· Oil and Gas
The Oil and Gas sector is an essential part of the Norwegian economy. It is the country's single largest industry. Norway is the world's 3rd largest exporter of natural gas and the 13th largest exporter of oil. Indirectly, the petroleum sector contributes around 200,000 jobs throughout Norway.
Hydro-power is one of significant energy sector after oil and gas, that plays a vital role in the economy of the country. Norway is one of the leading countries known for the use of electric vehicles in its transportation sector. Norway has a large number of hydro-power plants that are located throughout the country.
· Banking and Finance
The finance industry in Norway is one of the most innovative and promising in Europe.
· Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Norway is one of the world's top users of ICT and is the most wired countries in the world. It is Norway's topography and climate and the small, scattered population that influenced the development in this sector. The sector employs around 85,000 people, i.e., 4% of total employment in the country. The Norwegian ICT industry's primary export markets are Sweden, Denmark, Germany, France, the UK, and the USA.
The chemical industry in Norway is very diverse, where small companies are manufacturing for the local market to significant productions. The industry is known for converting by materials into products for final usage or to be used directly in another industrial process.
The Norwegian healthcare system is built on the principle of equality irrespective of the socio-economic and geographical affiliation. Proficiency in Norwegian is required in this field as one has to look after the locals. With the aging population and increasing demands for healthcare, the need for medical professionals will also increase. Thus making it a lucrative sector for those who have apt skills and qualifications in this field.
The tourism industry is one of the significant contributors to the economy of the country. It is also one of the common areas of employment for foreigners who are looking for jobs in the country. Norway is known for it's natural, as a result of which tourism in the country has expanded.
With the expansion of tourism, the hospitality industry also witnessed a rise. Thus creating employment opportunities for the people of the country.
· Aquaculture/ Fishing
Since a long time, the fishery has been a significant industry in Norway. It is due to the long coastline and climatic factors that the country is exceptionally well suited for this industry. Norway is a leading nation in the world when it comes to seafood farming, production, and export.
· Food and Beverages
The food and beverage industry in Norway comprises of 2 300 enterprises with nearly 48 000 people employed in the sector. Some of the known global brands such as Coca-Cola, Nestlè, Mondelès International have set up their factories and Norwegian brands in the country.
The shipping industry is a significant part of the country’s economy. With an increasing emphasis on creating an environment-friendly means of transportation, the Norwegian government has come up with plans to turn their fjords into zero-emission zones by the year 2026.
· Machine Manufacturing
Norway is a worldwide leader in this sector, ranging from machinery for ships and offshore installations, like engines, turbines, pumps, propulsion, drilling equipment, lifts, and cranes. New green products as garbage sorting equipment are increasing the global market shares of Norway.
The expansion of the construction industry from 2018-2022 is expected to be supported mainly by the government's efforts to improve the quality of infrastructure across the country. Thus the expansion of the sector will lead to an increase in job opportunities. So one with potential skills, and qualification in a particular field can look forward to the upcoming job opportunities.
The minimum requirement for teaching in Norway is fluency in Norwegian and a lengthy teaching degree. One can search for jobs opportunities in schools with an international curriculum, where English is used as the mode of education.
Some of the companies that are the biggest employers in a country where one can look for job opportunities are:
· Statoil (petroleum)
· Aker Solutions (engineering)
· Norsk Hydro (renewable energy)
· Yara International (chemical)
· DNB (banking and finance)
where to search for the job vacancies?
Searching for a job abroad is always not easy; however, the government of Norway gives helpful resources to foreigners to settle in the country.
· Networking plays the most vital role in securing jobs in Norway
· Internet: EURES, The NAV (Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration) holds the most massive Norwegian vacancy
· Recruitment Agencies
· Newspaper and Magazines such as Aftenposten, Dagbladet
· Selective applications to the companies
Norway boasts excellent working conditions all because of the strict laws regarding working hours and pay. In Norway, the employee should not work for more than 40 hours per week (Monday- Friday). If one's job requires them to work shifts, nights, or Sundays for them, regular working hours are 36-38 hours. The overtime should not exceed than 8 hours per week. The employee is entitled to at least 25 days of annual leaves; the one above 60 years are given one extra week. Besides this, there are ten national holidays.
Now once you get a job in Norway, one may think of how to process things further. So let's discuss this.
To study, live, and work in any country, one needs a visa and the residence permit.
Please note for visa-related queries, please visit:
For EU/EEA Citizens
An individual, who has lived in the country for at least five years, continuously can apply for the permanent residence of Norway.
For Non-European citizens
· Who has stayed the country for three years, holding valid residence permits
· No criminal record, while in Norway.
· Must complete 250 hours in Norwegian language (online or in
· Should have scored A1 on the oral language test (does not apply to
· Must complete at least 50 hours of social studies
· Should pass the social studies test (in whichever language one choose)
· A recent photograph
· Copies of all stamped pages of passport or the travel document
· Lists of traveling undertaken in the past three years
· Original receipt of travel fees
· Certificate of language proficiency
· Copies of the previous permits.
In Norway, the application process is undertaken by the police department of the particular region and decides whether one is eligible for it or not. If they have any doubts about whether one qualifies or not, then they will send the application to the Directorate of Immigration.
The United Nations Human Development Report ranks Norway as the "best country to live in" and has one of the lowest criminal activities in the world.
Well, I hope this was informative enough. I hope it will help and guide you to carefully opt for the options where your skills and talent can flourish.
Wishing you lots of luck.
A history student with postgraduate in archaeology and heritage management, gave me a good experience in field of research and writing. Avid reader, loves to explore new places. Baking cakes and breads are my hobby. Mother of four year old who takes most of my time..
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