Indian Education system

Education in India

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We shall start with a brief history of the Indian Education system, which is quite different and exciting to know.


India had the Gurukula system of education in the past, which means, any person who wished to study requested a teacher (Guru) to teach them. However, upon accepting the proposal, the admitted student(s) would stay at Guru’s place and help him in all the activities. Generally, this learning taught students about running a house and everything the child wished to learn including;

  • Sanskrit
  • Holy scriptures
  • Mathematics
  • Metaphysics

Moreover, the student stays with Guru as long as he wants or could return after receiving everything he/she wanted. Particularly, nature and life was the main topics in learning without memorizing.

The education system overturned and showed a broader picture with the introduction of Universities like:

  • Nalanda
  • Takshashila
  • Ujjain
  • Vikramshila

The government of India passed a mandate in the education system, which stated, free and compulsory education for children up to the age of fourteen. Besides, the government started providing education to all citizens irrespective of caste and creed. And, there was no discrimination.

Thereby, after this exceptional approach, India now has more than 7,40,000 formal schools along with approximately 175 universities. Therefore, it has a high-quality education trained teachers and faculties. Moreover, in the respective areas of teachings and working on a full-time basis.

Did you know?

The modern education system was initially being brought to India by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the year 1830. Generally, Introduction to the English language and current subjects were taught. Besides, Teaching was conducted in classrooms with a closer relationship between the student and the teacher.

In 1921, the first Board was set up in India – The Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education and was renamed to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) later in 1952.

Different levels of the education system of India

  • Pre-primary
  • Primary
  • Lower Secondary
  • Upper Secondary
  • Undergraduate
  • Postgraduate

Indian Education system – Pre-primary

Preschool education starts at the age of five and continues further for a year. In this initial stage of learning, a child prepares to go for the next level, i.e., the primary education.


Primary schooling starts for children who are six years old that consists of classes one to five. And, this level of education is crucial to every child because this is the stage where they learn various subject topics. Also, there is quite a change in the education system with the advent of technology, which has simplified the teaching and learning methods.

Would you like to know some exciting trends practiced in different schools in India?

  • The use of technology in the classroom, also known as smart classes (Google classrooms)
  • 3D printing helps in forming and shaping the imagination of young creative minds.
  • Virtual reality provides children with more real-life experience and helps them to learn, to remember, to understand faster.
  • Game-based learning helps to create the next generation to become better self-trained.
Indian Education system - Students of primary section
Indian Education system – Students of primary section

Indian Education system – Lower Secondary

The middle stage or elementary education starts from class six to eight. Moreover, in this level of education, children learn the essential programs.


  • History
  • Geography
  • Environmental science
  • English grammar
  • And, a one-second language.

Besides, the teaching is more subject-focused.

Indian Education system- Upper Secondary

The upper secondary is a combination of two years of lower secondary and two years of higher secondary education, i.e., class nine to twelve. Usually, students choose more subjects or choice of topics. And, later follow as the mainstream subject for specialization. Moreover, students appear in board exams, class 10, and grade 12. Particularly, the marks scored in the Board decides the subject stream in higher studies.

The various curriculum bodies that govern Indian school education are:

  • State Government Boards
  • CBSE – Central Board of Secondary Examination
  • CISCE – Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination
  • NIOS – National Institute of Open School
Indian Education system - High School students
Indian Education system – High School students

Indian Education system – Higher Education

The total number of students in the higher education sector is vast, which makes the country the third-largest in the world. So, Colleges, Universities, and Research centers come in the category of higher education. Usually, most students go for it after completing twelfth standard or any intermediate course.

There are about 380 universities and deemed universities, with over 17,500 colleges and more than hundreds of national and regional institutes.

Undergraduate Colleges

Students start their initial period of higher education in Undergraduate Colleges, after completing class twelve. Various subjects can be chosen by students depending on the marks obtained in board exams. Subjects like Medical Science, Architecture, Engineering, Arts, Commerce, and Basic Sciences, etc.

Indian Education system – Universities

Universities offer degrees at all levels like:

  • Bachelor
  • Master
  • Doctorate

Universities can be state, central, or deemed universities, which provide different programs along with varying researches in the respective fields. Moreover, these Universities follow the guidelines of the University Grant Commission, which also provides funds. Furthermore, State governments help to raise funds to local Universities, respectively.

Indian Education system - Graduates
Indian Education system – Graduates

Indian Education system – Grading System

  • 85% and above – Excellent
  • 80-85% – Superior
  • 70-80% – Very good
  • 60-70% – Good
  • 50-60% – Satisfactory
  • 40-50% – Average
  • 35-40% – Pass
  • Below 40% – Fail

Would you like to know more??

Check out the well-known Educational Institutes in India:

  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  • University of Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
  • University of Calcutta
  • Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Distance Education

The learning opportunity for working professionals, homemakers, and those who were not able to complete their studies.

Financial Aid

The government provides financial support to underprivileged or economically backward people who wish to gain their aimed career. Besides, Financial aid also acts as a scholarship to students at a higher level of study.

International students

In particular, students who come from different countries to Switzerland institutions/colleges go through appropriate entrance qualifications. And, they have to prove their financial abilities.

As a rule, students have to qualify for the government organized entrance examination. Therefore, most of the universities have their terms of conducting admission tests/exams organized by colleges/universities individually.

Indian Education system – Admission Requirements 

Requirements for a bachelor degree:

  1. University entrance qualification for the chosen study program
  2. Next, general university entrance qualification
  3. Aptitude test in case of artistic programs
  4. Aptitude exam for physical or motor skills for teachers training (physical education and a degree in sports and science.
  5. Lastly, other different procedures are based on University to University.

Tuition fees and the cost of living

Tuition fees vary from one university to another. However, the average cost will be around the US $3,300 – 7,800 a year (INR ₹230000 – ₹540000)


  • Usually, the living cost will almost be around USD 5,642 (INR ₹388606)/ year
  • The cost of living also depends on the area and facilities available.
  • Sharing rooms will lower the cost of living
  • Living in cities is higher than in small towns
  • Also, the university campus provides hostels.

Part-time Jobs

  • Firstly, work while the study option is available in India under certain conditions. 
  • Next, students will work through agencies or Student services
  • On the side, If you wish to make some extra cash, then you will need a special permit. 
  • However, the license will be valid for the time you study. 
  • And, you will be allowed to work only in the locality.
  • Lastly, some percent of the tax will be reduced.

Job Opportunities

  • The unemployment rate is falling due to the rise of many companies in India. 
  • Moreover, the locals are highly preferred for jobs. 
  • Nevertheless, non-Indian with high scores are likely to get employment. 
  • Engineers are in high demand.
  • Besides, Universities provide job opportunities to their students.
  • Additionally, skill development tools are designed for students
  • Lastly, the student network works well.
  • Indian universities provide large job opportunities due to the change of additional advanced courses. 
  • Moreover, changes in different areas that match new job openings in the market. 
  • However, there will be campus recruitments where more numbers of employers participate in hiring fresh graduates.
All the best
All the best

So, we hope this information about one of the largest school education systems in the world (INDIA) is helpful. If so, please do derive benefit out of the same.

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